Paths of Yoga According to the Bhagavad Gita
Ksna explains their discipline in the following verses, premised by:
In whatever way men approach Me even so do I reward them; My path do men tread in all ways. (IV: 11)
Karma yoga: Perform action (karma), O Arjuna, being steadfast in Yoga, abandoning attachment and balanced in success and failure. Evenness of mind is called Yoga. (II: 43)
Having abandoned attachment to the fruits of the action, ever content, depending on nothing, he does not do anything though engaged in activity. (IV: 20)
(Karma) Yogis, having abandoned attachment, perform actions only by the body, mind, intellect and even by the senses, for the purification of the soul. (V: 11)
He who is devoted to the path of action, whose mind is quite pure, who has conquered the lower self, who has subdued his senses and who realizes his Soul as the Soul in all beings, though acting, is not tainted. (V: 7)
Bhakti yoga: But to those who worship Me, renouncing all actions in Me, regarding Me as the supreme goal, meditating on Me with single minded Yoga, To those whose mind is set on Me, O Arjuna, verily I become ere long the savior out of the ocean of Samsara (the round of life and death). Fix thy mind on me only, the intellect in Me, (then) thou shalt no doubt live in Me alone hereafter. (XII: 6-8)
Abhyasa Yoga: If thou art unable to fix thy mind steadily on Me, then by the Yoga of constant practice (Abhyasa) do thou seek to reach Me, O Arjuna. (XII: 9)
With the mind not moving towards any other thing, made steadfast by the method of habitual meditation, and constantly meditating, one goes to the Supreme Person, the Resplendent, O Arjuna. (VIII:8)
Laya Yoga: Having closed all the gates, confined the mind in the heart, and fixed the life-breath in the head, engaged in the practice of concentration, Uttering the one syllables Om, the Almighty God, and remembering Me, he who departs, leaving the body, attains the Supreme Goal. (VII: 12-13)
Raja Yoga: Abandoning without reserve all desires born of Sankalpa (thought and imagination), and completely restraining the whole group of the senses by the mind from all sides,
Little by little let him attain to quietude by the intellect held firmly; having made the mind establish itself in the Soul, let him not think of anything.
From whatever cause the restless and unsteady mind wavers away, from that let him restrain it and bring it under the control of the Soul alone.
Supreme Bliss verily comes to the Yogi whose mind is quite peaceful, whose passion is quieted, who had become the Great Soul, and who is free from sin. (VI: 24-27)
Hatha Yoga: Let him firmly hold his body, head and neck erect still, gazing at the tip of his nose, without looking around.
Serene-minded, fearless, firm in the vow of celibacy, having controlled the mind, let him sit, having Me as his supreme goal.
Thus always keeping the mind balanced, the Yogi, with mind controlled, attains to the peach abiding in me, which culminates in liberation. (VI: 13-15)
Jnana Yoga: Free from attachment, fear and anger, absorbed in Me, taking refuge in Me, purified by the fire of Wisdom (Jnana), many have attained to my being. (IV: 10)
Others again offer wealth, austerity and Yoga as sacrifice, while the ascetics of self-restraint and rigid vows offer study of the scriptures and knowledge as sacrifice. (IV: 28)
Know that (Wisdom) by long prostration, by question and by service; the wise who have realized the Truth will instruct thee in (that) knowledge.
Knowing that thou shalt
not, O Arjuna, again get delude like this; and by
that thou shalt see all beings in thy Soul and also
Verily, there is no purifier in this world like Wisdom. He who is perfected in Yoga finds it in the Soul in time. (IV: 38)