Fundamental Substances

In Modern Eyes


Qi, Chi, Ki:  Energy


Electrical, Chemical, Thermal / Kinetic, Magnetic, Hydraulic, Gravitational, Nuclear / Atomic / Subatomic / Mass, , Light, Sound, Mechanical, Potential, Psychic / Spiritual


Xue:  Blood

WBC, RBC, Plasma, Platelets, Hormones and Chemical Messengers, Ions in Blood, Plasma Proteins, Antibodies, Nutrients and Building Blocks, Metabolic Waste Products and Toxins, Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen, Coagulation Factors, Parasites, Drugs

Jin Ye:  Bodily Fluids


Sweat, Sebum, Lymph, Chime, Bile, saliva, tears, Mucous, Digestive juices, Interstitial Fluids, Synovial fluids, Semen, Vaginal Secretions,

Cerebral Spinal Fluid, Pleural Secretions, Aqueous Humor (eye Juice), Pericardial Fluid, Chyle, Peritoneal Fluid, Stool Water, Amniotic Fluid, Pancreatic Juice, Milk

Shen:  Spirit


Consciousness, Ego, Spirit, Mind, Cognition/Thought, Affect/Feelings, Dreams, Self, Soul, Psyche, Intuition, Perceptions, Memories, Fantasy, Mental Images, Autonomic Nervous System, Volition/Will, Impulses/Id, Moral Sense/Superego,

Jing: Vital Essence


Testosterone, Estrogen, Progesterone, Adrenal Hormones including Cortisol, Adrenaline, Thyroid Hormone, Growth Hormone, Sperm, Ovum, Anabolism, Cellular Repair and Growth,