to Staying Well
What are to
components of good health and evaluating a person's future risk of disease?
- Personal history and prior illness
- Life style habits including:
- Alcohol use
- Safety belts
- Safe sex practices
- Family history of inheritable diseases such as
breast cancer, colon cancer, diabetes, and hypertension.
- Physical examination to evaluate blood
pressure, body mass index, breast exam and so forth.
- Regular screening tests, including blood sugar test,
cholesterol, pap smears and mammography for women, and flexible sigmoidoscopy (endoscopic
exam of the colon).
What are specific
For Men and Women:
- Blood pressure check with every periodic health
- Obesity screening with every periodic health
examination [Obesity is determined by a person's body mass index (BMI). To
calculate your BMI, multiply your weight by 705. Divide the result by your
height in inches. Divide by your height again. People with a BMI over 27 are
- Annual fasting blood sugar for people who are
over 45 years of age, obese, African American, Hispanic, Native American,
hypertensive or who have abnormal cholesterol levels or a history of
- Fecal occult blood test and digital rectal exam
for colon cancer each year after age 40
- Fecal occult blood test and/or sigmoidoscopy each year after age 50
- Mammogram every one to two years for women
between 40 and 49 years of age; every year for women over 50 years of age
- Pap smear for cervical cancer beginning at age
18 or earlier if sexually active
- Clinical breast exam every year
What are the
recommendations for vaccinations?
- Tetanus booster every ten years
- Pneumonia vaccine at 65 years of age or earlier
if problems such as asthma are present
- Influenza vaccine annually for people over 65
years of age, health care workers, and people with chronic illness
- Hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for all
health care workers, homosexual men, people with more than one sexual
partner, intravenous drug users, hemodialysis
patients and patients with weakened immune systems
recommendations for a healthy lifestyle?
- Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, grains,
legumes, and beans.
- Follow the recommendations in the food pyramid.
Use fats, oils and sweets sparingly; eat 2 to 3 servings from the dairy,
meat, eggs and nut groups; eat 3 to 5 servings from the vegetable group;
eat 2 to 4 servings from the fruit group; and eat 6 to 11 servings from
the breads, cereals, rice, and pasta group.
- Limit your alcohol intake to no more than two
drinks per day maximum. One serving of alcohol is equivalent to 1 ounce of
liquor, 5 ounces of wine, or 12 ounces of beer.
- Refrain from using tobacco products, including
- Strive to get a minimum of 30 minutes of
moderate exercise most if not all days of the week.
- Always wear your seat belt.
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